What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that destroys the attachment fiber and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. However, other factors also affect the health of your gums, including:
- Smoking/Tobacco Use
- Pregnancy/Puberty/Menopause & Hormone changes
- Poor Nutrition
- Dry Mouth
- Other Systemic Diseases
Types of Periodontal Disease
There are many forms of periodontal disease. The most common ones include:
- Mild Periodontitis
- Moderate-Advanced Periodontitis
- Juvenile Periodontitis
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
If you're diagnosed with periodontal disease, your periodontist may recommend periodontal surgery. Periodontal surgery is necessary when your periodontist determines that the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment.